Tuesday, 14 March 2017

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BIONIC EYE IN THE FUTURE


In this entry, i would like technology is being increasingly harnessed to overcome blindness. So far, much of the key progress has been restricted to restoring sight for those with a specific type of visual impairment – in particular retinitis pigmentosa – an inherited condition that involves the loss of cells in the retina and causes a decline in vision.

'Bionic' eye on the future: From 'Star Trek' visors  'Mission Impossible' contact lenses




Bionic implanted eyeballs, “Star Trek”­style visors, telescopic contact lenses ... these are just a few of the many exciting projects underway to both restore and provide enhanced sight.


Significant strides have been made in tech that will restore and transform lives ­ replacing white canes, service animals, braille machines and more for the visually impaired.

EXAMPLE OF BIONIC EYE TECHNOLOGY



The world’s first bionic eyes have now been attached to the retinas of dozens of blind or nearly blind people, and we are just beginning to get a sense of what those patients see. People with these implants will have the ability to distinguish light from dark, and they can recognize the outlines of objects in their view. 

The simulations of what blind people see when their retinas are electrically stimulated reveal characteristics distortions.



These are simulations of what people with visual prostheses might perceive with a very high resolution implant

According to the Orcutt (2015) had stated “the arti´Čücially created vision is also distorted in certain characteristic ways, says Geourey Boynton, a professor of psychology at the University of Washington. New computersimulated images, based on reports from people with retinal implants as well as fairly well established knowledge of how cells in the retina respond to electrical signals, can help illustrate these distortions, says Bonyton, who conducted the research along with a fellow University of Washington psychology professor, Ione Fine”. A camera capture the image send by the stimulator and the device will converts them into electrical pulse patterns, which are then delivered to the retina via an implanted electrode array.


Eye bionic: The first miracle eye vision can become a reality in 2016.

TYPES OF EMOTION SENSORS USED IN BLUE EYES TECHNOLOGY


Emotion Mouse (For hand)


Emotion mouse is the simplest way to enables the machines to identify these minor emotional variations of human beings even by a single touch on the mouse. Jasmine et al (2016) stated, “Another non-invasive way to obtain information about a person is through touch. People use their computers to Obtain, store and manipulate data using their computer. In order to start creating smart computers, the computer must start gaining information about the user”. Moreover, people will spend approximately 1/3 of their total computer time touching the input device and the machines started to react with the users according to this Emotion Mouse. It is design to evaluate and identify the user’s emotions such as fear, surprise, anger, sadness and happiness when he or she is interacting with a computer.


WORLD'S FIRST BIONIC EYE TO GIVE MILLIONS THE CHANCE OF SEEING AGAIN



Bionic eye can give a millions of people a chance of seeing again. The experiment on implementing bionic eye to the blind patient was successful. Based on the research, it stated that the patient who undergoes the operation had suffered blindness for eight years ago due to the rare disease called Vogt-Koyanagi (VKH) syndrome. Walton (2016) defined this Vogt-Koyanagi (VKH) syndrome as “a multisystematic disorder characterized by granulomataous panuveities with exudative retinal detachments that is often associated with neurologic and cutaneous manifestations”. This rare disease is attacking the pigments in the eyes. Within a year suffered in the disease she started to lose her sight and she was completely blind. According to Spencer (2016), a medical correspondent for the Daily Mail stated that “…surgeons have implanted a visual stimulator chip in the brain of a 30-year-old-woman. The patient, who has totally blind for seven years, saw colored flashes, lines and spots when signals were sent to her brain from a computer.

The diagram shows how the new bionic eye would work, sending signals directly to the brain. The computer sends signals to the antenna, which connected to the brain.

Dr. Nader Pouration who performed the surgery is planning to send footage from a tiny video camera to the brain, which could provide the world’s first bionic eye and restore sight to a millions. Spencer also stated, “During six weeks of testing, the patient has consistently seen the exact signals the scientists sent to her visual cortex, the section of the brain which usually receives images from the optic nerve”. Dr Pouratian inserted the stimulator which is an array of tiny electrodes into the back of her brain in August. Within the four-hour procedure, surgeons will cut a small hole in the back of her skull and laid the stimulator on the surface of her brain. A small antenna receiver was implanted into the gap in her skull, which receives signals sent from a computer. The doctors then will wait for a permission from US regulator to connect the system called ‘Orion I’  to a camera worn in a pair of glasses, which they hope will send moving images directly to the brain.


The process of restoring the sight to the patient

Scientists are on the brink of restoring sight to the blind by sending moving images directly to the brain. This technology has the potential to restore sight for the millions of people who have lost their sight or becoming blinded by cancer. Thus, it is proven that this implemented of bionic eye to the human is actually works wonder because this system has the potential to restore sight to the blind.
World's first bionic eye to give millions the chance of seeing again

BIONIC EYE TECHNOLOGY



Hi do you know that blind people can get a chance to see again? yes, bionic eye has the solution.


Scientists are on the brink of restoring sight to the blind by sending moving images directly to the brain. Thus, Mark Humayun has developed Argus II, commonly known as the bionic eye. According to Niaz (2016) “Mark’s invention is a miracle for people suffering from inherited retinal degenerative disease that leads to blindness in old age”. It has been used to treat patients who are suffering a disease characterized by degeneration of photoreceptors where the cello in the retina is sensitive to light. In addition, his aim on developing this bionic eye is to destroy the blindness by helping millions worldwide with the gift of sight. 

RECENT NEWS OF EYE TRACKING TECHNOLOGY



Hi everyone we meet again!


Today I would like to talk about a recent news on eye tracking software. There was a recent news title “Vicar jailed after dying abuse victim gives evidence through eye-tracking software”. This news had reported on The Independent paper in United Kingdom. According to Agerholm (2017), the person has died before he could be informed of the jury’s conclusion. 



The picture above is a person named Cyril Rowe who was convicted of three counts of indecent assault after his victim was still able to give evidence despite his paralysis.

According to the Agerholm, Cyrill was died before he could be informed of the jury’s conclusion, although he had achieved his dying wish of giving evidence against Rowe, the Crown Prosecution service said in a statement. This eye tracking technology is helping him to describe on how a retired vicar abused a choirboy more than 35 years ago and has been jailed for four years. This modern eye tracking technology are using giving an evidence on how Rowe would lock the church door, pin him down and sexually abuse him, before apologizing and giving him £1 in just translating his blinks into wards. 

IMPLEMENTATION OF EYE TRACKING TECHNOLOGY


If you’ve ever wondered what a Formula One driver looks at while they’re racing, wonder no more. Using special eye-tracking goggles, Sahara Force India and Nico Hulkenberg have created a video that shows exactly where this particular F1 driver trains his eyes while going around a track.




Insanely cool eye-tracking technology shows exactly what F1 drivers look at strap into Nico Hulkenberg's force India Race car and learn from a master

The eye-tracking technology shows that the human eye tends to dart around quite a bit, too. It doesn’t stay focused on any one thing for too long, and our peripheral vision fills in most of what we don’t look directly at.


IMPLEMENTATION OF EYES TRACKING TECHNOLOGY 1


Hi everyone do you know that eye tracking also has been tested to the world famous footballer,  Cristiano Ronaldo?


Cristiano Ronaldo the Portuguese professional footballer who plays for Spanish club Real Madrid and the Portugal national team.




Recently we were asked by a TV production company to discuss an opportunity about eye tracking a footballer, I was pretty shocked when the opportunity turned out to be eye tracking the world’s most expensive footballer in Madrid – Cristiano Ronaldo. 


TV show called “Tested To The Limit” commissioned by one of his sponsors, Castrol, Ronaldo went through a number of tests to find out just why he is so good, and better than other players on the pitch! He undertook sprint challenges, took free kicks, demonstrated his jumping capabilities and of course we eye tracked him as well! The eye tracking part of the day took place when Andy Ansah (of Tekkers fame) and Ronaldo went head on the pitch and we eye tracked both of them as Ronaldo showed off his moves. By saying that it is proven that this eye tracking technology has been implied to the world.

EXAMPLE OF EYE TRACKING TECHNOLOGY 2


  • Shopper behaviour


Tobii Glasses Shopping Research

In this video the shopper is looking for a snack for their lunch, when they were recruited at the store entrance they told the recruiter that they knew exactly what they were going to buy. The eye tracking footage tells another story, see how they scan the shelves for inspiration. 

2.    App testing on Ipad


Ipad usability Testing - Using the new Tobii Glasses eye tracker you can see exactly where a person looks, for example on the Apple iPad when using the Wired App


App testing is becoming quite possibly the most important aspect of digital usability. The systems we use enable us to test in real world situations on both tablet computers and smart phones, whether it be sitting on the train on the way into work or enjoying an evening in front of the TV checking emails on a smart phone. 




EXAMPLE OF EYE TRACKING TECHNOLOGY 1



Hi everyone, do you know what does eyes and our gaze reveal? Let's check it out or you may click this link http://eyetrack.info to see more.


This eye tracking video introduces you to the possibilities of the technology, as well as a quick demonstration which includes different settings such as commercials and website usability. We believe it's the future of market, usability and university research. The software isn't limited to one specific set of hardware and it's affordable without lacking in precision or quality in the data it produces.


There have been major improvements in the development of eye tracking hardware and software. We've seen examples of Mac OS, iOS, Android and Windows 8 being compatible with the tracking technic. And while there are some improvements to be made, we can already see the power of eye tracking in 2012 when it comes to user interaction. The relationship between humans and computers, and how we interact and use them, is ever changing. Touch is one example, were Apple introduced the iPhone and iPad touch. Imagine combining this with eye tracking and tracing kinect movements and we've got an interesting future ahead of us.

EYE TRACKING TECHNOLOGY

Have you ever wondered that your eyes can see the future?Come on lets take a look at the next eye technology.

Ever wished your computer could respond to your thoughts? Good news -- it can. Get ready to leap into a new world with Tobii EyeX. Adding eye tracking to the action makes things fast, fun and totally intuitive. 

Eye-tracking technology is referring to the measurement of eye activity. Imotions (2016) stated, “Eye tracking implies the recording of eye position (point of gaze) and movement on a 2D screen or in 3D environments based on the optical tracking of corneal reflections to assess visual attention”. For instance, when our eyes are moving on where do we look, what do we ignore and when do we blink. This means that the eye tracker will collect the data by knowing on how the pupil is reacting to the different stimuli. This eye tracking data is collected using either a remote or head-mounted eye tracker that connected to a computer.


RECOMMENDATION FOR BLUE EYES TECHNOLOGY

I would like to say that the future application of blue eye technology is limitless. This is to ensure a convenient way of simplifying life by providing more interactive and user-friendly facilities in computing device. For instance, based on Tristram (2001) “Most of us hardly notice the surveillance cameras watching over the grocery store or the bank. But lately those lenses have been looking for far more than shoplifters”. This blue eyes software perhaps will make sense of what the cameras see including how many shoppers ignored a promotion, how many stopped at the shop and how many of them reached for the item and put it in their shopping carts. Thus, in the future ordinary household device such as television, refrigerators and microwave may be able to do their jobs to when we just look and speak to them too.

Thanks for your reading.


TYPES OF MAGIC POINTING APPROACH FOR BLUE EYES


There are two types of magic pointing techniques, which are:

  • LIBERAL APPROACH


The liberal MAGIC pointing technique cursor is placed in the vicinity of a target that the user fixates on.

This technique allows user to take control of the cursor by hand near the target or ignore it and search for the next target. In addition, this magic pointing techniques is different from traditional eye gaze control, where the user uses his eye to point at targets either without a cursor or with a cursor.


  • CONSERVATISM APPROACH
The conservative MAGIC pointing technique with "intelligent offset"

The conservative Magic pointing techniques with ‘intelligent offset’ ‘Intelligent offset’ meaning that the cursor position is offset to the intersection of the manual actuation vector and the boundary the gaze area. This means that, the cursor is likely to appear in motion towards the target, regardless of how the user actually actuated the manual input device. 


CONT. (Procedure of BLUE EYE TECHNOLOGY)

      So, lets continue with the next procedure of blue eye technology:

    Expression Glass (For eye)






EXPRESSION GLASS


Expression Glass is one of the alternative for machine vision face or eye recognition methods. Mepit.com (2014) stated, “By analyzing pattern recognition methods and facial muscle variations, the glass senses and identifies the expressions such as interest or confusion of the user”. Therefore, this wearable device allows any viewer to visualize the confusion and interest level of the wearer. This expression glass will detect the sense of facial muscle movements by using pattern recognition. 

       MAGIC Pointing


According to Rajasekaran (2001) stated, “MAGIC pointing is known as manual and gaze input cascaded (MAGIC) pointing is aiming at placing the mouse where the user gazes at”. Magic pointing will reduce the cursor movement needed for target selection. This will lead to the reduction of manual stress and fatigue. The user does not have to be aware of the role of the eye gaze because they just have to click on the target with a regular manual input device. 




BLUE EYES TECHNOLOGY'S PROCEDURE


As in the previous entry, we got know about Blue eyes technology has the ability to gather information about you and interact through a special technique. Mepits.com (2014) stated, “The computer can talk, listen or screech aloud! With the help of speech recognition and facial recognition systems, a computer gathers information from the users and starts interacting with them according to their mood variations”. Human cognition depends primarily on the ability to perceive, interpret, and integrate audio-visuals and censoring information. Thus, this technology can even understand your emotions by the simple touch on the mouse. Kumar, R (2010) in his research stated “BLUE EYES system mainly consists of Mobile measuring Device called Data Acquisition unit (DAU) and a central analytical system called central system unit (CSU)”

OVERVIEW OF BLUE EYES SYSTEM
Bluetooth technology provides means for creating a Personal Area Network linking the operators and the central system.
The mobile device is integrated with Bluetooth module providing wireless interface between sensors worn by the operator and the central unit. ID cards assigned to each of the operators and adequate user profiles on the central unit side provide necessary data personalization so different people can use a single mobile device.




TERMS OF BLUE EYES TECHNOLOGY


Next, I would like to introduce you guys with the terms of Blue eye techcnology.
When hands will not work, a new technology tracks eye movements for computer operation. Blue eyes are using camera and microphone to identify user actions and emotions. The term blue eye is formulated because:



BLUE
Stands for Bluetooth, which enables reliable wireless connection







EYE
Because the eye movement enables us to obtain a lot of interesting and important information




Is it possible to create a computer, which can interact with us as we interact to each other? For instance, imagine that in the morning you walking on your computer and switch on your computer, and then it tells you “Hey dude, good morning you seem to be in bad mood today”. The computer then will show some activities to cheer you up. It seems to be fiction, but it will be the life lead by “BLUE EYES” in the very near future. The basic idea behind this technology is to give the computer human power, so that we can understand each other’s feeling. 

INTRODUCTION TO THE BLUE EYES TECHNOLOGY




Hello everyone, Like most other things in the world, vision is being transformed by the advancement of technology. There are a various types of eye technologies such as eye tracking, bionic eye and blue eyes technology. Let us look at the definition of these eyes technology one by one.


Thisentry will introduce you to the various types of eye technology.



BLUE EYES TECHNOLOGY


Swati (2015) has stated “Blue Eyes Technology” that can sense and control human emotions and feelings through gadgets”. Therefore, this technology can give human power or abilities to a computer. She also stated, “The “BLUE EYES” technology aims at creating computational machines that have perceptual and sensory ability like those of human beings”. Blue eyes technology makes a computer to understand the sense of human feelings and behavior and will react according to their sensed emotional levels. By saying that, machines or computers can naturally interact with human beings by recognizing their facial expressions and react accordingly to them.



What is BLUE EYE?